Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1902
An encyclopedia (alternatively encyclopaedia/encyclopÃ¦dia) is a written compendium of knowledge.
The term comes from the Greek (engkuklios paideia), literally "a rounded education". (Some encyclopedias are titled cyclopaedia, a now somewhat archaic form of the word, and the terms are interchangeable.)
"In the Begining" USING SOURCES COMMONLY AVAILABLE:
WE ARE CURRENTLY IN THE PROCESS OF ADAPTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF MUCH OF THAT MATERIAL. Though it does not require often special adoptation or research for use as a Deist work of reference preliminarily we place that material online thopugh often it requires more editorial work. That editorial work is monumnetal so your patience and support is required as we painstakingly go thru all of it two three and four times properly referencing that work and adding where needed explaination.
Much of what we present here can be obtained in begining from other sources and are in the process of adaption to suit our purposes. We are doing that adoptation with online. As a work in progress we hope you will understand the context of these materials which we strive to develop an improve. As ours are the devoplment of original work it is copyrighted though inclusive of work in the public domain where it is our work distinguished.
It is was "the best of times, and the worst of times" (Charles Dickens) manifested in an advanced age of increased discovery, invention, space travel, massive computerization, advanced technologies, industrialization, consolidation, and monopolization. Where in every day life this world most often than not is manifest thru the mechanisms of corruption, hunger, repression, and slaughter positioned directly between the irreverence of Theism and Atheism, the specter of Deism haunts the "hallowed halls" of reaction.
In reaction that finds expression thru religion, to the dismay of the oppressed in the realm of ideas, they attempt to accomplish what they could not in society (and in fact often rhetorically argue against) so as to achieve goals that otherwise are not obtainable. Reaction where the good are vexed, and in that evil exists in mainstream institutionalized religion, in what has not changed much since the times Constantine as emperor sought a political means thru religion in "Christianity: towards achieving power in his wearing of two crowns.
Reaction in achievement of power that gives expression as a throwback to tradition on one hand, or modernity in the subversion of traditional morale ethical social values on the other, to the service of industry, or some corrupt mix that often without concern for what is true acts in nothing less than a self-serving, and convenient manner.
Deism opposed on all sides in a rational system of belief, strives towards a comprehensive understanding of that which is nothing less than "Being and Nothingness" (Sartre), in truth to address concerns which we incorporate in living thru acceptence of what is valid thru empirical validation required of this day and age, but which must be tempered so as to prevent the metaphysical excesses of common abuse.
Should some perchance stumble across us, or our work, some time in the future to come, from experience we must presume before hand, that they would find us perhaps quaint, novel, or in some manner or form irrelevant for we do not wish to assume evitable "success" in what is organic, living, and changing so as to trivalize our own meaning. We presume our opponents would choose to elect to indentify with their own selves over others, regardless as to our representations, as that is what they know and presume to understand us. In what we view as "the essense of all that which is true, good, and living" it would not be wise to underestimate the nature of what we expect as irreconcilably hostilities by which they fractionalize themsleves. As antithetically we exist in opposition to their presentations of supernaturalism in Theism, the Metaphysics of Empircism, the onslaught of an industrial world gone mad that reasonable people must reject, and the revival of primitivism.
As we have suffered in repression from all those who address us, regardless unless those that speak are "we ourselves", we remind the world of its fickle nature where today's enemies and friends, were reversed in yesterday's friends and enemies.
In the Eighteenth century of England, the United States, France, and any where we were known we have suffered from that repression which for the most part has been recorded and noted by the victors themselves, and often not us.
In that if we would fail to appropriately respond to representing thru words what we hold evident, we would be also culpable as a matter of fact, we are determined to define thru the length and breadth in words, thoughts, and deeds matters so as to place into perspective the entire world, and universe around us.
A world which has been all too long oppressed the truth in matters in one form or another in reliance on form and not substance, it is no accident that the early Encyclopedists directly challenged systemically all around them by merely definition and qualification of their world, dominated by ecclesiastical part/y/ies detesting the Encyclopédie, which they saw as a rising stronghold for their philosophic enemies.
In 1759 the Encyclopédie was formally suppressed. The decree, however, did not arrest the continuance of the work, which went on, but with its difficulties increased by the necessity of being clandestine.
Conceptually reasons for our endeavors are many evident in that many the mainstay of institutionalized religious establishment has not appropriately acted so as to resolve many problems of the world that they could. Whereas instead contributing to what systemically part of the problem in society, and for the most part have acted from a perspective of self-interest to maintain the status quo of a reactionary and evil regime of worldly oppression. Oppression that has created the current circumstances of this world of hunger, death, disease and ignorance that is addressed by them in form but not substance that we hopefully seek to address in a positive manner by our efforts in what we see as needed organic systemic change of a holistic nature
|Works of encyclopedic scope, which aim to convey the important accumulated knowledge for a comprehensive range of subjects,
have been envisioned and attempted throughout much of human history. However, the term encyclopedia was not used to refer to such works
until the 16th century, and the first general encyclopedias which succeeded in being both authoritative as well as encyclopedic in scope
appeared in the 18th century.
Some systematic method of organization is essential to making an encyclopedia usable as a work of reference.
There have historically been two main methods of organizing printed encyclopedias: the alphabetical method (consisting of a number of
separate articles, organized in alphabetical order), or organization by hierarchical categories. The former method is today the most common
by far, especially for general works. The fluidity of electronic media, however, allows new possibilities for multiple methods of
organization of the same content. Further, electronic media offer previously unimaginable capabilities for search, indexing and cross
reference. The epigraph from Horace on the title page of the 18th century Encyclopaedie suggests the importance of the structure of an
encyclopedia: "What grace may be added to commonplace matters by the power of order and connection," and Wikipedia illustrates that even
The encyclopedia as we recognize it today developed in the 18th century from the dictionary. A dictionary is
primarily focused on words and their definition, and typically provides limited information, analysis or background for the word defined.
Hence, while it may offer a definition, it may leave the reader still lacking in understanding the meaning or import of a term, and how the
term relates to a broader field of knowledge.
To address those needs, an encyclopedia seeks to discuss each subject in more depth and convey the most relevant
accumulated knowledge on that subject, given the overall length of the particular work. An encyclopedia also often includes many maps and
illustrations, as well as bibliography and statistics.
Some dictionaries are encyclopedic in their range, especially those concerned with a particular field (such as
the Dictionary of the Middle Ages, the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, and Black's Law Dictionary). The Macquarie Dictionary,
Australia's national dictionary, became an encyclopedic dictionary after its first edition in recognition of the use of proper nouns in
common communication, and the words derived from such proper nouns.
Over time, a number of innovations have also been introduced to make encyclopedias more useful. While we take them for granted today, for their time features such as cross references to make connections across knowledge (18th century) or comprehensive indexes (19th century) were major innovations in conveying knowledge, roughly analogous to hyperlinked text in recent years.