"Christian" movements are theological, political, or
philosophical intepretations of "Christianity" that are not generally represented by
a specific church, sect, or
- Charismatic movement or Neo-pentecostalism:
Pentecostalism beliefs and practices spread to churches outside of the Holiness
- "Christian" ecumenism: the promotion of unity or cooperation
between distinct religious groups or denominations of the "Christian" religion.
- Uniatism: a movement on the part of some particular Eastern churches to join in visible
communion with the Bishop of Rome after the Great Schism
- "Christian" Identity: a label applied to a wide variety of
loosely-affiliated groups and churches with a racialized theology.
- "Christian" Zionism: the belief that the return of the Jews to the
Holy Land, and the establishment of the State of Israel, is in accordance with Biblical prophecy, and is a necessary precondition for the
return of Jesus to reign on Earth.
- Confessing Movement: is a neo-Evangelical movement within several
mainline Protestant churches to return those churches to what members see as greater theological orthodoxy.
- Conservative "Christianity": a sub-division of the
"Christian" community that adhere to what many consider to be conservative religious values of the "Christian" faith.
- Creationism: the advocation of a belief that creation according to Genesis
provides an accurate description of the origin of life, the Earth, and the universe.
- Evangelicalism: faith demonstrates all things that are implied in belief
that Jesus is the savior.
- Fundamentalist "Christianity": sought to assert a
minimal set of traditional "Christian" beliefs against the influences of Modernist "Christianity"; became a movement of separation from the
"mainline" Protestant churches.
- Holiness movement: A Wesleyan movement beginning in the 19th century
which emphasized a personal experience of holiness, and which gave rise to Pentecostalism and the Charismatic movement.
- Modernist "Christianity" or
Liberal "Christianity": school of "Christian" thought which rose as
a direct challenge to more conservative traditional "Christian" orthodoxy.
- Neo-orthodoxy: emphasis on the trancendence of God, the reality of sin, and an
existentialist encounter with the word of God.
- Oxford Movement: A nineteenth century movement to more closely align
Anglicanism with its Roman Catholic heritage.
- Paleo-Orthodoxy: evaluating later theology in light of the writings of the
- Pentecostalism: the miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit are a normal part of
the "Full Gospel"
- Restorationism: a group of religious reform movements that sought to renew
the whole "Christian" church; the movements overlap historically but are independent and doctrinally diverse. Mormonism, "Christ" adelphians,
Jehovah's Witnesses and other distinct movements are counted among them.
- Restoration Movement, also known as the "Stone-Campbell
movement": a group of religious reform movements that sought to renew the whole "Christian" church "after the New Testament pattern", in
contrast to divided "Christ" endom, of Catholicism and Protestantism; a Restorationist movement that sparked the Second Great Awakening
- "Christian" anarchism: the rejection of all authority and power
other than God, including the Church.
- "Christian" communism: is a form of
religious communism based on the teachings of Jesus and the way of
life of the Apostles and first "Christian" s" .
- "Christian" Democracy: is a political ideology, born at the end of
the 19th century, largely as a result of the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers'
misery and agrees that something should be done about it, in reaction to the rise of the socialist and trade-union movements.
- "Christian" left: those who hold a strong "Christian" belief and share
left-wing or socialist ideals.
- "Christian" right: encompasses a spectrum of conservative "Christian"
political and social movements and organizations characterized by their strong support of social values they deem traditional in the United
States and other western countries.
- "Christian" socialism: those on the "Christian" left whose
politics are both "Christian" and socialist, broadly including Liberation
theology and the doctrine of the social gospel.
- Evangelical left: part of the "Christian" evangelical movement but who
generally function on the left wing of that movement, either politically or theologically, or both.
- Progressive "Christianity": focuses on the biblical
injunctions that God's people live correctly, that they promote social justice and act to fight poverty, racism, and other forms of
- "Christian" asceticism: a life which is characterised by refraining from worldly
pleasures, such as wealth, possessions and alcohol.
- "Christian" existentialism: a school of thought founded
by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.
- "Christian" vegetarianism: the dietary practice of
vegetarianism or veganism based on the idea that Jesus, the twelve apostles and the early Messianic Jewish followers of Jesus (the Ebionites)
- "Christian" pacifism: "Christian" churches, groups or communities teaching
that Jesus was himself a pacifist who taught and practiced pacifism, and that his followers must do likewise.