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Buddhists

The adherents of Buddhism, monks and laypeople alike are known as Buddhists.

Numbering over 350 million people, Buddhists spread all over the nations of South East Asia, the Indian subcontinent, China, Korea and Japan. Small Buddhist communities are also found in Western Europe and North America.

The following is a comprehensive aspect of the dominant forms of Buddhism along with the primary regions with which they are associated.

  • Theravada Buddhism: parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (where it is imposed as the state religion),Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam (along the Mekong Delta frontier with Cambodia, the so-called "Khmer Krom" region), and parts of China (in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Sichuan).
  • Mahayana Buddhism: most  of China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Korea, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, and most of Vietnam.
  • Vajrayana Buddhism:
    • Tibetan Buddhism: found in Tibet (and adjacent areas of  China), North India, Bhutan, Nepal, southwestern China, Mongolia and, various
    • Constituent republic of Russia that are adjacent to the area, such as: Amur Oblast, Buryatia, Chita Oblast, Tuva Republic, and Khabarovsk Krai. There is also Kalmykia, another constituent republic of Russia that is the only Buddhist region in Europe.
    • Shingon Buddhism or "True Word" Buddhism: found in Japan.

At the present time the teachings of all three branches of Buddhism have spread throughout the world and are now easily available in western countries, and increasingly translated into local languages.

It is believed that China is the only country where all of the major sects of Buddhism have significant numbers of followers.

References

Coogan, Michael D. (ed.) (2003). The Illustrated Guide to World Religions, Oxford University Press. ISBN 1-84483-125-6.
K. Sri Dhammananda, What the Buddha Taught (click here for the complete text in pdf). Buddhist Mission Society of Malaysia. (1964) ISBN 9834007127.
Gethin, Rupert (1998). Foundations of Buddhism, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0192892231.
Gunaratana, Bhante Henepola (2002). Mindfulness in Plain English, Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0861713214.
Lowenstein, Tom (1996). The vision of the Buddha, Duncan Baird Publishers. ISBN 1903296919.
Thich Nhat Hanh. The Heart of the Buddha's Teaching. Broadway Books, 1974. ISBN 0767903692.
Thurman, Robert A. F. (translator) (1976). Holy Teaching of Vimalakirti: Mahayana Scripture, Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 0271006013.
Walpola Rahula. What the Buddha Taught. Grove Press, 1974. ISBN 0802130313.
Yamamoto, Kosho (translation), revised and edited by Dr. Tony Page. The Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, (Nirvana Publications 1999-2000).
Yin Shun, Yeung H. Wing (translator). The Way to Buddhahood: Instructions from a Modern Chinese Master. Wisdom Publications, 1998. ISBN 0861711335.